One thing that many embroiderers overlook, or may not be aware of, is the fact that using the correct stabilizer can have a huge impact on the success of failure of a stitch-out. Yes, there will always be that one embroiderer who uses one type of backing for everything and does well but, for the most part, a good marriage of stabilizer and fabric and design is required for embroidery to appear at its best. The correct choice of stabilizer can make your sew-out smoother, faster and provide a finished piece that is of a higher quality. Because this is such an important decision, we wanted to offer some things to consider before you choose.
First, as we already know from this post backing/stabilizer comes in different types. If you take it down to the most basic level, you’re dealing with either cutaway or tearaway stabilizer. Even the specialty backings will most likely be one of these two types, so knowing when and why you might want to use a particular type is crucial. Tearaway stabilizer is easier to remove as it tears away, so it might be a good option for jobs where there are time constraints. Cutaway stabilizer generally has less stretch to it, so it may be a better option for performance wear or other stretchy fabrics. When choosing which stabilizer to use make sure to take into account all the qualities of the fabric, requirements of the design, and things like time and effort expended when making your decision. The right stabilizer choice will improve both your sew-out and your production time.
Second, stabilizer weight matters too. Nothing is less attractive than a stitch-out that is weighted down with a wad of backing. Or a design that is so dense that it’s like a lump of wood attached to the fabric of the garment. As a general rule, light weight fabrics should be stabilized by a light weight backing, and heavier fabrics with a heavier backing. The goal is to find a backing that will stabilize the stitch-out without weighing down or distorting the fabric.
Third, don’t forget backing does have a color palette. Granted, it’s not much of one, generally being confined to black, white and beige, but there are color choices available. If the item to be embroidered is thin or if there’s a chance at all the stabilizer might be seen, it’s best to try to use a stabilizer that is close in color to the item being embroidered.
Finally, don’t forget that specialty backing can have a huge impact on how well the finished design works. Poly mesh is a great option for polos and lightweight fabrics. R2000 (a polypropylene stabilizer) is an ideal option for performance wear. Adhesive backing comes in very handy when there are items like socks of blank patches to be embroidered. Water soluble topping helps monograms and other embroidery stand out on fleece or towels. It is entirely possible that you could go your whole embroidery career using only a standard cutaway or tearaway, but why would you do that? The specialty stabilizers can offer a variety of qualities that will help make your jobs easier and the execution of the design much smoother. While specialty backings may, in some cases, be a slightly pricier option, they will pay for themselves in speedier production time and quality finished products.
Remember, stabilizer is the foundation on which everything else is built. Just as you wouldn’t build your house on a sinkhole, don’t build your embroidery on a stabilizer that can’t do the job required of it. Choosing your stabilizer with care and after thinking about the requirements of the fabric and the stitch-out will ensure that you make a choice which will stand up to the needs of your embroidery and help create a finished product that will delight your customers.